do a critique of the attached journal article. Note:- 1) APA STYLE 2) 3 PAGES 3) AT LEAST 6 REFERENCES

do a critique of the attached journal article.



2) 3 PAGES


do a critique of the attached journal article. Note:- 1) APA STYLE 2) 3 PAGES 3) AT LEAST 6 REFERENCES
Journal of Business Innovation Jurnal Inovasi Perniagaan Volume 2No. 1/2017: 25-41 COMPARISON ON MOSQUE QUALITY MANAGEMENT TO THE STAR RECOGNITION GIVEN MOSQUE ABSTRACT Mosque Institution is first be developed by Rasulullah S.A.W at Medina. Mosque plays its role in uniting and developing the society from various aspect such as the center of ibadah, politic, economic, religion discussion and others. However, on these days,the administration and professional comunity development of mosque institutions is outdated compared to other institutions. Most of the community sees mosque as only place of ibadah. This research is about comparing the professional management that focused on the administration, prospering, infrasutructure facilities and environment of selected mosques in the state of Selangor that has been given recognition by the State Islamic Religious Council. The study anlysis is in the form of qualitative and comparative. The result shows that the mosque management will be more systematic if the manager or nazir is holded by coporate or professionals individuals. The finding aslo shows that the high commitment from nazir and the community members, and the compliant to the ethic codes issued by the State Islamic Religious plays an important role in developing the good management practices on top of the presence of the corporate and professional individuals. The findings will be used as modul or reference by other mosques to achieve asystematic development of Islamic community. Keywords: Professional Management, Management, Prospering, Infrastructure faclities, Environment. Journal of Business Innovation Jurnal Inovasi Perniagaan Volume 2No. 1/2017: 25-41 INTRODUCTION During the migration of Rasulullah s.a.w and his companions from the city of Makkah to the city of Madinah, Quba ‟was aplace where he stopped. This is it Rasulullah s.a.w built the earliest mosque in the history of Islam, the mosque Quba ‟.Rasulullah s.a.w later built a second mosque namely the Prophet’s Mosque when he arrived in Madinah (Mohd Rozaini Mohd Rahimet al., 2014). So it can be seen that the first thing Rasulullah s.a.w. to do in developing Islamic teachings is to build amosque. The mosque built by Rasulullah s.a.w played an important role as training and da’wah center as well as functioning in social, political strengthening, virtue, and brotherhood to give birth to ageneration of friends and Muslims who great and brilliant in strengthening the religion of Islam at that time (Ajmain Safar, 2008; Muhammad Said, 1988). In Malaya, the importance of mosques in developingIslamic teachings, especially in the archipelago can be seen in the heyday Malacca Sultanate. Mosques and suraus at that time playedan important role as acenter for the learning and propagation of Islam where there are many local students and from outside Melaka come demanding knowledge (Abdullah Ishak, 1990). But nowadays, mosques are found to lag behind the institutions others from the administrative and management aspects of community development community. Abd. Aziz Harjin et al. al (2002) in his study explains that the institution of the mosque was not introduced in any form an organized and systematic system of administration and management. According to he again, an effective and efficient system of administration and management of the mosque efficient needs to be created to place the role of the mosque as the center scientific activities, da’wah, guidance, brotherhood, unification of the ummah etc.Roslan Mohamed (2008) also supports this opinion with stated that there are various weaknesses in the management of the institution mosques and they need to be managed corporate and professionally in accordance with the development of the times. To empower the mosque to become an institution who are professionals, should be the officers appointed to attend the training management and administration as added value other than knowledge good and adequate religion (Ifwan Tun Tuah, 2013). Furthermore, the function mosques can also be further strengthened with the involvement of the group professional. This is supported by a statement from a former Y.A.B Deputy The Prime Minister who stated that professionals should absorbed into mosque institutions to help diversify roles mosques in the development of knowledge, economic catalysts and social development the local Muslim community (Berita Harian, 11 December 2006). This opinion is also agreed by Roslan Mohamed (2008) who stated that the mosque on the present needs to be managed by someone professional in the field management as well as Islam. RESEARCH PROBLEMS Mosques are currently experiencing a sharp increase as a result of population growth, opening of new housing areas, opening industrial areas and so on. An estimated 6,365 mosques and 17,771 suraus registered with JAKIM in Malaysia were recorded until now (JAKIM, 2016) .It is undeniable that most mosques are new which is beautifully built and magnificently magnificent but has associated problems with the administration and management of the mosque. This is due to some mosques were not introduced with an administrative system and systematic and efficient management to attract the public to attend mosque. The issue of poor mosque management was also commented by Roslan Mohamed (2008) who stated that most mosques have lost their charm and attraction has been interpreted as aspecial place for worship alone where it is lacking activities that can attract the local community to the mosque. Most mosques are only led by one or two who really want to serve while the committee members who have been elected are quite numerous. its number but does not carry out its responsibilities accordingly. So. the main issue to be Journal of Business Innovation Jurnal Inovasi Perniagaan Volume 2No. 1/2017: 25-41 highlighted is how to develop professional management system in terms of organizational structure, economy, activities and infrastructure (Roslan Mohamed, 2008). To build a mosque who excel, committee members and even mosque parishioners should play a professional role. Members of the organization consisting of professionals will make the management of the mosque more skilled, robust and professional (Zainudin Yusof, 2015). Thus, this study was conducted to examine the uniformity of the two mosques selected from the aspect of excellent and professional management and know sure the implementation of the basic concept of management by the mosque to contribute in local community development. LITERATURE STUDIES According to Al-Fairuz Abadi (1987), the original mosque is from the Arabic word that is sujudan, yasjudu or sajada, which carries the meaning fit by placing forehead to the ground or earth in devotion to God S.W.T. This opinion also supported by Shaikh Ali Mohamad Mokhtar (2003) who noted in his study where amosque is defined as aplace for prostration and a place of performing worship by devoting oneself to Allah S.W.T. The opinion of Shaikh Ali Mohamad Mokhtar was also elaborated by Quraish Shibab (1999) where according to him the mosque is a place of worship and expressing feelings of devotion, reverence, repentance or repentance over error as well as adaptation to the decree of Allah S.WT. So usually, the mosque not only serves as aplace of worship to Allah S.W.T, in fact, italso serves as acenter for organizing and strengthening society (Haron Din, 1996). History also explains that Rasulullah SAW was enraged and make the mosque an administrative center, a place of assembly, discussion, court and judiciary, teaching and education, protector of the new Muslim brothers, preaching the syiar of da’wah, brotherhood, the place of spreading Islam and the revelation of Allah SWT, the place handing over war flags to Islamic, diplomatic, political commanders, aplace of treatment for Muslim soldiers wounded in war, in fact once aplace of prisoner of war of the polytheists (Mariam Abd. Majid, Marlon Pontino Guleng, 2014; Sohirin M. Solihin, 2008; Darsh et al., 1996) The diversity of functions of the mosque proves that such an institution able to provide a comprehensive mold in mixing worldly descriptions and the hereafter by channeling the appreciation of Islam in the individual, educating and giving birth to a society that is knowledgeable and moral in daily life to obtain the well -being and pleasure of Allah S.W.T (Nurzatil Ismah Azizan, Hasliza Talib & Nazneen Ismail, 2014; Hossein Javan Arasteh, 2014; Mushaddad Hasbullah, 2008). In the first phase of the advent of Islam in Malaya, the scholars who came from Arabia such as Maulana Abu Bakr, Kadi Yusof, Maulana Sadar, Syed Abdul Aziz and others played an important role in activating the role of the mosque as acenter for the spread of Islamic preaching in addition to acenter of knowledge and unity of the local population (Badlihisham Mohd Nasir, 2010). Tradition the dissemination and teaching of religious knowledge covering all aspects of life worldly and hereafter then continued by local scholars such as Nururddin al-Raniri (based in Acheh), Hamzah Fansuri and others (Yahaya Abu Bakar, 1983; D.G.E. Hall, 1962). In addition, Muhammad Ikhlas Rosele et al. (2015) in his study entitled The early Islamization of Pahang: An Overview The theory states that, early educational institutions flourished in mosques so that the emergence of religious study huts, madrasas and schools religion. Thus, in general, mosques are divided into several main roles such as centers of worship, centers for the dissemination of knowledge and information, centers administration, socio-economic development centers, as well as activities involving community or society (Abdul Rahman et al., 2009; Mohd. Ismail Mustari & Kamarul Azmi Jasmi, 2008). Enlivening the mosque is very important to Muslims in accordance with the verse Holy Quran which means: Journal of Business Innovation Jurnal Inovasi Perniagaan Volume 2No. 1/2017: 25-41 “Only those who deserve to prosper The mosques of Allah are those who believe in Allah and the Last Day as well as establishing prayers and paying zakat and do not fear (anyone) except to Allah, (in the presence of these attributes) then they are the ones who are expected including those who are guided “(At-Taubah: 18). According to Ajmain Safar (2008), generally, there are six (6) categories mosques in Malaysia namely 1) National Mosque, 2) State Mosque, 3) Jamek Mosque District, 4) Institutional Mosque, 5) Parish Mosque, and 6) Surau for Friday prayers.Mosques and suraus are categorized according to the number of their population specific areas, requirements, conditions and qualifications for conducting Friday prayers (Azree Ahmad et al., 2005). Department of Islamic Development Malaysia (JAKIM) in collaboration with the Unit Malaysian Administrative Modernization and Management Planning (MAMPU) has introduced the Malaysian Mosque Rating Standard (SPMM) as amarker the level of quality of mosque services in Malaysia. Table 1: Mosque Rating Criteria Bil. Category Percentage 1. Excellent 90.0% -100% 2. Very Good 80.0% -89.9% 3. Good 70.0% -79.9% 4. Satisfactory 60.0% -69.9% 5. Medium 50.0% -59.9% 6. Weak 49.9% Source: Department of Islamic Development Malaysia (JAKIM) (2015), Modernization Unit Malaysian Administration and Management Planning (MAMPU) (2008) The star rating standard for amosque includes four (4) components the main ones are 1) management, 2) entertainment, 3) infrastructure facilities, and 4) environment (MAMPU, 2008). Details of the four (4) main components proposed by SPMM are as in the following table: Table 2: Details of Components in the Star Rating Standard for Mosques Bil. Components Assessed Detail 1. Management a) Organizational management  Design (Vision, Mission, Client Charter, Objectives, Program/Activity).  Level of information dissemination and planning strategies mosque.  Filling of positions in the management structure RESEARCH METHODS This study involved two mosques in the state of Selangor that received recognition 5 stars from the Selangor Islamic Religious Council (MAIS) which is Masjid Al-Falah USJ 9 and As-Salam Mosque Bukit Sentosa Rawang, Selangor. This study is in the form of qualitative study, i.e. interviews with the manager/nazir/chairman of the mosque for know the mosque management system practiced. Journal of Business Innovation Jurnal Inovasi Perniagaan Volume 2No. 1/2017: 25-41 Table 3: List of Mosque Names and Recognitions NAME OF MOSQUE RECOGNITION 1. Masjid Al-Falah USJ 9, Selangor Received 5Star recognition from the Departmen Selangor Islam in 2014. 2. As-Salam Bukit MosqueSentosa Rawang, Obtained 5Star mosque recognition from Selangor . Selangor Islamic Religious Department in 2012. FINDINGS The researcher summarized the findings of the study through the table as below the results from an interview with the Nazir of Al-Falah Mosque (Syed Zainal Abidin Mohd Tahir, personal interview, March 28, 2016) and Nazir of As-Salam Bukit Mosque Sentosa Rawang (KamalAbdullah, personal interview, February 27, 2016). Table 4: Comparison of Star Rating Standard Components between Masjid AlFalah USJ 9and Masjid As-Salam Bukit Sentosa Rawang Variables Masjid Al-Falah USJ 9 Masjid As-Salam Bukit Sentosa Rawang Management a) Friday collection fund, mosque/daily, children orphan, infaq day welfare. b) Each tube has afunction that distinctive according to which has been labeled on tube. c) Have that accountability different for each tube. Enthusiasm a) Hold or manage activities/ aprogram that is “Friendly Qariah ”. b) Collectively set goals mosque activities. Convenience Infrastructure a) Have aclinic health in the mosque. a) Large mosque area and comfortable, preparation adequate fan as well as b) Have areligious class b) Have ablogspot and facebook as wrong one medium information delivery and deep a) Common tubes such as daily tubes and quotes Friday. b) Trust Fund Islamic Development State of Selangor (TAPIS) which aims to help the business capital development human beings and Islamic teachings in State of Selangor. c) Breaking activity fund fasting on the moon Ramadan is donated by parishioners and community. a) Organizing lectures and religious classes at each night including the end week. b) Invite speakers outside to give talk and share science with parishioners. Journal of Business Innovation Jurnal Inovasi Perniagaan Volume 2No. 1/2017: 25-41 feedback making arelationship with parishioners. Based on the comparison table between the following two mosques, can observed that good and quality mosque management is not the only involves the commitment of professionals and religious scholars within organizing activities, even involving the provision of information, management good finance, documentation, facilities and infrastructure (Ajmain Safar, 2008). Good management needs to be implemented so that itcan be attractive the interest of the congregation and parishioners to attend and engage in that activity organized by the mosque comfortably. Good implementation anyway requires high commitment not only from committee members and mosque officials, but also involved parishioners and the local community (Mohd Noor Azli Ali Khan, Mohd Zulrushdi Salleh and Norhayati Salleh, 2008). CONCLUSION The results of the study found that the inspectors of both mosques are composed of rofessionals or corporate groups in an institution that is profitable. The inspectors of both mosques have applied the system company or corporate management in the operation and activities of the mosque in under their supervision. The experience of professionals in administering mosques will improve the quality of management of mosques in which these groups channel their experience and expertise in providing insights and guidance which continues in empowering the mosque.This is further strengthened by opinion of Roslan Mohamed (2008) through the results of his study which states that professionals are able to make asignificant contribution through their diverse expertise in management aspects and institutional empowerment such as document management, budget planning, time and activity management, human resource management as well as management meeting. Apart from that, the results of the study also state that the mosque is not a for -profit institution, then it becomes achallenge against mosque officials and committee members in making plans in empowering the mosque. This opinion is supported by Mohd. Ismail Mustari |and Kamarul Azmi Jasmi (2008) who stated in their study that systematic planning should be scrutinized in all aspects such as account balancing and efficient and professional use of human resources in carrying out various regular activities that are able to attract the interest of members parishes and various walks of life. Additionally, mosque committee members need to give that commitment very high in engaging thoroughly in empowerment mosques even if they are aware of their position do not guarantee the payment of allowances or salaries which remains. This opinion is supported by Ajmain Safar (2008) who states that a high level of commitment should be present in the committee members or staff. who are appointed even if itis in avoluntary form. High commitment will be the main driver to the success of the mosque (Mohd Noor Azli Ali Khan, Mohd Zulrushdi Salleh and Norhayati Salleh, 2008). The empowerment and revitalization of the mosque will be able to be implemented with successfully with the involvement of various parties such as mosque officials, members committees, parishioners as well as various walks of life. Other than that also, parishioners and the community should open their minds within defines the function of amosque where itis not just aplace of worship alone. Journal of Business Innovation Jurnal Inovasi Perniagaan Volume 2No. 1/2017: 25-41 REFERENCES Al Quran. Abdul Rahman, A., Latif, A., Syahiran, M. Yon, & Ariffin, W. (2009). Activity The Prosperity of Mosques in Samarahan: A Study of Capability Preacher. Institute of Research, Development and ommercialization, University Technology Mara. Abdullah Ishak |(1990). Islam in the archipelago (especially in Malaya). Malaysia: Al- Rahmaniah, Malaysian Islamic Da’wah and Welfare Body. Ajmain Safar. (2008). Mosque Institutions in Empowering Development Human Capital. In Mohd. Ismail Mustari and Kamarul Azmi Jasmi (Eds.). (2008) .Quality Management Drives Excellence Mosque Management (1sted.). Skudai, Malaysia: University Publishers Malaysian Technology, 14-25. Al-Fairuz Abadi. (1987). al-Kamus al-Muhit. Beirut: Muassasah al-Risalah, 366. Azree Ahmad, Asmadi Mohammed Ghazali, Rosli Hassan & Kamarul Ariffin Mansor. (2005) Mosque libraries in the state of Kedah: areview. Institute of Research, Development and Commercialization, University MARA Technology. Badlihisham Mohd Nasir. (2010). Education in the Islamic Movement in Malaysia: An Overview. Journal of Islamic and Arabic Education, 1-12. Baker, H.K. (1987). Internal Financial Management. Florida, USA: Books for Professional Inc. Mohd Najib Razak. (December 11, 2006). Opening Remarks of the Closing Ceremony National Hadhari Community National Convention. News Daily. Darsh, S.M., Hasan, S., Akram, M., & Yusuf Islam. (1996). The Role Of The Mosque In Islam. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Darussalam Publishers & Distributors. Hall, D.G.E. (1962). Historians of South East Asia. London: Oxford University Press.

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